Context: The Unified Modeling Language (UML) has become the standard for modeling software. Several surveys on the UML usage have been proposed in recent years. However, none of them explores the UML use in specific regional scope, and thus little is known about the practices and perceptions of UML use from the perspective of practitioners in the Brazilian industry. Objective: This paper reports on a survey focused on identifying the state-of-The-practice of the Brazilian industry for what concerns the UML usage in real-world settings. Method: In total, 222 practitioners from 140 different Information Technology companies have answered an on-line (or printed) questionnaire concerning their UML use experiences, the difficulty in adopting UML and what should be done to increase the UML adoption in practice. Result: The results show that: (1) 60 participants (28.2%) have used UML in their daily work, while 73.2% have not; (2) 55.41% of the surveyed participants did not disagree with the statement that UML is the "lingua franca" in software modeling; (3) 61.26% reported to find that the automatic creation of UML diagrams to represent a big picture of the system under development would be useful to boost UML use. Conclusion: The UML is not often used in the work life of participants. In addition, no relationship was identified between the use of UML and the participant company being a software factory.