On VR spatial query for dual entangled worlds

Shao Heng Ko, Ying Chun Lin, Hsu Chao Lai, Wang Chien Lee, De Nian Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

With the rapid advent of Virtual Reality (VR) technology and virtual tour applications, there is a research need on spatial queries tailored for simultaneous movements in both the physical and virtual worlds. Traditional spatial queries, designed mainly for one world, do not consider the entangled dual worlds in VR. In this paper, we first investigate the fundamental shortest-path query in VR as the building block for spatial queries, aiming to avoid hitting boundaries and obstacles in the physical environment by leveraging Redirected Walking (RW) in Computer Graphics. Specifically, we first formulate Dual-world Redirected-walking Obstacle-free Path (DROP) to find the minimum-distance path in the virtual world, which is constrained by the RW cost in the physical world to ensure immersive experience in VR. We prove DROP is NP-hard and design a fully polynomial-time approximation scheme, Dual Entangled World Navigation (DEWN), by finding Minimum Immersion Loss Range (MIL Range). Afterward, we show that the existing spatial query algorithms and index structures can leverage DEWN as a building block to support kNN and range queries in the dual worlds of VR. Experimental results and a user study with implementation in HTC VIVE manifest that DEWN outperforms the baselines with smoother RW operations in various VR scenarios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCIKM 2019 - Proceedings of the 28th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Pages9-18
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781450369763
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2019
Event28th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2019 - Beijing, China
Duration: Nov 3 2019Nov 7 2019

Publication series

NameInternational Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings

Conference

Conference28th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, CIKM 2019
CountryChina
CityBeijing
Period11/3/1911/7/19

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Decision Sciences(all)
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)

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  • Cite this

    Ko, S. H., Lin, Y. C., Lai, H. C., Lee, W. C., & Yang, D. N. (2019). On VR spatial query for dual entangled worlds. In CIKM 2019 - Proceedings of the 28th ACM International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management (pp. 9-18). (International Conference on Information and Knowledge Management, Proceedings). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3357384.3358173