Once-daily dapsone 7.5% gel for the treatment of acne vulgaris in preadolescent patients: A Phase IV, open-label, 12-week study

Angela Yen Moore, Edward L. Lain, Amy McMichael, Leon Kircik, Andrea L. Zaenglein, Adelaide A. Hebert, Ayman Grada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris in patients aged younger than 12 years is increasingly common and primarily noninflammatory (i.e., comedonal). Dapsone 7.5% gel is indicated for the topical treatment of acne vulgaris in patients nine years of age or older. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate efficacy, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of once-daily topical dapsone 7.5% gel. METHODS: This was a Phase IV, multicenter, open-label study in patients with acne aged 9 to 11 years. Patients applied dapsone 7.5% gel once daily to the face and acne-affected areas on the upper chest, upper back, and shoulders for 12 weeks. Patients in the PK cohort applied dapsone 7.5% gel under maximal-use conditions for eight days and a thin layer for the remaining 11 weeks. Lesion counts and proportions of patients with an Investigator's Global Assessment score of zero points (clear) or one point (almost clear) were assessed. Plasma concentrations of dapsone and metabolites were evaluated after one week in the PK cohort. Safety and dermal tolerability were evaluated. RESULTS: After 12 weeks, facial acne was clear or almost clear in about 47 percent of patients. Inflammatory, noninflammatory, and total lesions decreased from baseline, with a greater reduction apparent in noninflammatory lesions. Systemic exposure to dapsone in PK patients was low. The overall rate of adverse events was low, and dermal tolerability scores indicated no or mild stinging/burning, dryness, scaling, and erythema. CONCLUSION: Once-daily topical dapsone 7.5% gel used for 12 weeks was safe, effective, and well tolerated in preadolescent patients with acne.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-48
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
Volume14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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