We report a simple, economical and green one-pot hydrothermal strategy to synthesize the bio-derived nitrogen-doped carbon sheets (ONCSs) embedded with zirconia nanoparticles (ZrO2NPs) with orange juice as carbon source and solvent. The ONCSs-ZrO2NPs composite was further applied in the decoration of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for electrochemical sensing of methyl parathion. The orange juice-derived ONCSs with graphene-like micromorphology showed good electrical conductivity, large specific surface area, and nitrogen functional groups. They could accelerate the electron transport, provide sufficient electrolyte-electrode interface, and improve the surface wettability, thus forming a suitable microenvironment for the redox reaction of MP. The embedded ZrO2NPs in graphene-like ONCSs possessed a strong affinity toward the phosphorus groups on MP molecules, which could promote the preconcentration of MP in the interface of the fabricated sensor and electrolyte. Benefitting from the synergistic effect of ONCSs and ZrO2NPs/GCE, the ONCSs-ZrO2NPs/GCE sensor exhibited excellent peak current response towards MP with a linear detection range of 0.01–15 μg mL−1 and a low detection limit of 0.115 ng mL−1. Furthermore, the ONCSs-ZrO2NPs/GCE sensor presented good capability to investigate the MP levels in romaine and kiwifruit juices with satisfactory recoveries. This work provides a novel and green one-step approach in the development of carbon-based composite materials for high-performance MP electrochemical sensors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry