Hollow metal nanospheres are of interest for a variety of academic and technological applications, including drug delivery, catalysis, plasmonics, and lightweight structural composites. Despite recent advances in synthesizing metal nanostructures with controlled morphologies, there are very few reports of hollow bimetallic nanospheres, although such systems promise to offer advantages over single-metal systems. Here, were report a one-pot synthetic strategy for accessing hollow CoPt nanospheres with a Co-Pt alloy structure. The approach utilizes an in situ Co template and exploits galvanic displacement reactions to selectively dissolve the Co core while depositing a Pt shell. The combination of reducing conditions and a polymer stabilizer appears to allow the Co and Pt to co-reduce and form a Co-Pt fcc alloy phase with a morphology that is templated by the sacrificial Co core. The hollow CoPt nanospheres, which show magnetic hysteresis at low temperatures, are thermally stable up to 300 °C. The approach, which adds to a growing toolbox of reactions that yield morphologically controlled magnetic CoPt and FePt nanomaterials, is likely to be general for a variety of alloy systems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry