One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel

Weiran Yang, Ayusman Sen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran (DMTHF) can be produced catalytically from biomass derived carbohydrates in one step with high yield. DMTHF is superior to ethanol and has all the desirable properties currently found in typical petroleum-derived transportation fuels. Thus, DMTHF could be readily incorporated into the existing transportation infrastructure. The reaction employs a soluble rhodium catalyst, dihydrogen, and hydroiodic acid in biphasic solution. Fructose and glucose give up to 85% and 75% yield of DMTHF, respectively. Cellulose can also be used directly in this reaction but gives a somewhat lower yield. The process is proposed to go through a combination of dehydration, hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation steps. The catalytic system is robust and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAmerican Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009
Event238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Aug 16 2009Aug 20 2009

Publication series

NameACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
ISSN (Print)0065-7727

Other

Other238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period8/16/098/20/09

Fingerprint

Liquid fuels
Carbohydrates
Hydrogenolysis
Fructose
Rhodium
Dehydration
Hydrogenation
Glucose
Cellulose
Biomass
Ethanol
Crude oil
Catalysts
Acids
Petroleum
2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Yang, W., & Sen, A. (2009). One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel. In American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
Yang, Weiran ; Sen, Ayusman. / One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel. American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).
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abstract = "2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran (DMTHF) can be produced catalytically from biomass derived carbohydrates in one step with high yield. DMTHF is superior to ethanol and has all the desirable properties currently found in typical petroleum-derived transportation fuels. Thus, DMTHF could be readily incorporated into the existing transportation infrastructure. The reaction employs a soluble rhodium catalyst, dihydrogen, and hydroiodic acid in biphasic solution. Fructose and glucose give up to 85{\%} and 75{\%} yield of DMTHF, respectively. Cellulose can also be used directly in this reaction but gives a somewhat lower yield. The process is proposed to go through a combination of dehydration, hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation steps. The catalytic system is robust and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of activity.",
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Yang, W & Sen, A 2009, One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel. in American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, 238th National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society, ACS 2009, Washington, DC, United States, 8/16/09.

One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel. / Yang, Weiran; Sen, Ayusman.

American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - 2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran (DMTHF) can be produced catalytically from biomass derived carbohydrates in one step with high yield. DMTHF is superior to ethanol and has all the desirable properties currently found in typical petroleum-derived transportation fuels. Thus, DMTHF could be readily incorporated into the existing transportation infrastructure. The reaction employs a soluble rhodium catalyst, dihydrogen, and hydroiodic acid in biphasic solution. Fructose and glucose give up to 85% and 75% yield of DMTHF, respectively. Cellulose can also be used directly in this reaction but gives a somewhat lower yield. The process is proposed to go through a combination of dehydration, hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation steps. The catalytic system is robust and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of activity.

AB - 2,5-Dimethyltetrahydrofuran (DMTHF) can be produced catalytically from biomass derived carbohydrates in one step with high yield. DMTHF is superior to ethanol and has all the desirable properties currently found in typical petroleum-derived transportation fuels. Thus, DMTHF could be readily incorporated into the existing transportation infrastructure. The reaction employs a soluble rhodium catalyst, dihydrogen, and hydroiodic acid in biphasic solution. Fructose and glucose give up to 85% and 75% yield of DMTHF, respectively. Cellulose can also be used directly in this reaction but gives a somewhat lower yield. The process is proposed to go through a combination of dehydration, hydrogenolysis and hydrogenation steps. The catalytic system is robust and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of activity.

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Yang W, Sen A. One step catalytic transformation of carbohydrates to 2,5-dimethyltetrahydrofuran for liquid fuel. In American Chemical Society - 238th National Meeting and Exposition, ACS 2009, Abstracts of Scientific Papers. 2009. (ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts).