Ontogeny and polarization of macrophages in inflammation: Blood monocytes versus tissue macrophages

Adwitia Dey, Joselyn Allen, Pamela A. Hankey-Giblin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The explosion of new information in recent years on the origin of macrophages in the steady-state and in the context of inflammation has opened up numerous new avenues of investigation and possibilities for therapeutic intervention. In contrast to the classical model of macrophage development, it is clear that tissue-resident macrophages can develop from yolk sac-derived erythro-myeloid progenitors, fetal liver progenitors, and bone marrow-derived monocytes. Under both homeostatic conditions and in response to pathophysiological insult, the contribution of these distinct sources of macrophages varies significantly between tissues. Furthermore, while all of these populations of macrophages appear to be capable of adopting the polarized M1/M2 phenotypes, their respective contribution to inflammation, resolution of inflammation, and tissue repair remains poorly understood and is likely to be tissue- and disease-dependent. A better understanding of the ontology and polarization capacity of macrophages in homeostasis and disease will be essential for the development of novel therapies that target the inherent plasticity of macrophages in the treatment of acute and chronic inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number00683
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Volume6
Issue numberJAN
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Ontogeny and polarization of macrophages in inflammation: Blood monocytes versus tissue macrophages'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this