We derive the evolution equation for the density matrix of a UV- and IR- limited band of comoving momentum modes of the canonically normalized scalar degree of freedom in two examples of nearly de Sitter universes. Including the effects of a cubic interaction term from the gravitational action and tracing out a set of longer wavelength modes, we find that the evolution of the system is non-Hamiltonian and non-Markovian. We find linear dissipation terms for a few modes with wavelength near the boundary between system and bath, and nonlinear dissipation terms for all modes. The non-Hamiltonian terms in the evolution equation persist to late times when the scalar field dynamics is such that the curvature perturbation continues to evolve on super-Hubble scales.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)