A Committee on Agricultural Safety and Health Research and Extension was formed by the USDA-CSREES, North Central Regional (NCR) Administrators in 2000. The goal of the committee was to more effectively use the land grant system's research and extension capacity in cooperation with the experience of those who live and work in agriculture to reduce work-related injuries, illness, death, and property loss. In 2007, the committee chose to develop a paper on "Agricultural Equipment on Public Roads." This paper has multiple purposes: a) to help identify research, policy and extension/outreach priorities for the U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Transportation, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, state departments of agriculture, transportation and law enforcement, county government, and production agriculture based organizations; and b) to identify possible design and practice standards, goals, or guidelines for farm equipment manufacturers, standard setting organizations, and government agencies. Issues relating to operating agricultural equipment on public roads are multi-faceted and complex. Issues addressed in this report include rural/urban traffic interface, state and federal regulations, higher speed tractors, and transport of workers on public roadways with farm equipment. Several suggestions in the areas of research, standards, education/outreach and policy have been developed to help guide future work as a result of this review.