Introduction: With the advent of endoscopic and image-directed percutaneous approaches, it is increasingly uncommon to require a surgical approach for recurrent bile duct stones. Technique: We describe open side-to-side choledochoduodenostomy as one of the surgical options for recurrent bile duct stones. This procedure includes the following elements: exposure of the common bile duct, mobilization of the duodenum (Kocher maneuver), choledochotomy, inspection of the bile duct with a choledochoscopy, and anastomosis of the bile duct with the duodenum. Other options for operative management are discussed. Conclusion: Surgical drainage procedures for recurrent bile duct stones can be performed for patients who fail to respond to endoscopic and nonoperative interventional treatments with good long-term outcomes.
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