Ophiuchus 1622-2405: Not a planetary-mass binary

K. L. Luhman, K. N. Allers, D. T. Jaffe, M. C. Cushing, K. A. Williams, C. L. Slesnick, W. D. Vacca

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Abstract

We present an analysis of the mass and age of the young low-mass binary Oph 1622-2405. Using resolved optical spectroscopy of the binary, we measure spectral types of M7.25 ± 0.25 and M8.75 ± 0.25 for the A and B components, respectively. We show that our spectra are inconsistent with the spectral types of M9 and M9.5-L0 from Jayawardhana & Ivanov and M9 ± 0.5 and M9.5 ± 0.5 from Close and coworkers. Based on our spectral types and the theoretical evolutionary models of Chabrier and Baraffe, we estimate masses of ∼0.055 and ∼0.019 M for Oph 1622-2405A and B, which are significantly higher than the values of 0.013 and 0.007 M derived by Jayawardhana & Ivanov and above the range of masses observed for extrasolar planets (M ≲ 0.015 M). Planet-like mass estimates are further contradicted by our demonstration that Oph 1622-2405A is only slightly later (by 0.5 subclass) than the composite of the young eclipsing binary brown dwarf 2M 0535-0546, whose components have dynamical masses of 0.034 and 0.054 M. To constrain the age of Oph 1622-2405, we compare the strengths of gravity-sensitive absorption lines in optical and near-infrared spectra of the primary to lines in field dwarfs (τ > 1 Gyr) and members of Taurus (τ ∼ 1 Myr) and Upper Scorpius (τ ∼ 5 Myr). The line strengths for Oph 1622-2405A are inconsistent with membership in Ophiuchus (τ < 1 Myr) and instead indicate an age similar to that of Upper Sco, which is in agreement with a similar analysis performed by Close and coworkers. We conclude that Oph 1622-2405 is part of an older population in Sco-Cen, perhaps Upper Sco itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1636
Number of pages8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume659
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 20 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Luhman, K. L., Allers, K. N., Jaffe, D. T., Cushing, M. C., Williams, K. A., Slesnick, C. L., & Vacca, W. D. (2007). Ophiuchus 1622-2405: Not a planetary-mass binary. Astrophysical Journal, 659(2 I), 1629-1636. https://doi.org/10.1086/512539