Opiate nerves mediate feline pyloric response to intraduodenal amino acids

J. C. Reynolds, A. Ouyang, S. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Intraluminal pressures and myoelectric activity were recorded from the feline antrum, pylorus, and duodenum in response to intraduodenal amino acid solutions. Mixed amino acids (0.02 mg/ml, 3.0 ml) increased the amplitude of pyloric contractions (59.7 ± 7.9 mmHg) and pyloric spike activity (73.7 ± 6.8% of slow waves with spike activity) compared with a saline control (P < 0.001). The selectivity of these responses was determined with specific amino acids. L-Tryptophan (10 or 40 mM) produced a response similar to the mixed amino acid response, while L-phenylalanine or L-glycine (10 or 40 mM) had no effect. Intra-arterial tetrodotoxin, intraluminal ethyl aminobenzoate, or intravenous naloxone (1.0 mg/kg) abolished the pyloric responses to amino acids (P < 0.02). Bilateral cervical vagotomy had no effect. Cholecystokinin octapeptide (CCK-OP) produced dose-dependent increases in the amplitude of pyloric contractions and in pyloric spike activity. The ED50 dose of CCK-OP (1.0 μg/kg iv) gave an increase in pyloric pressure of 155.6 ± 49.9 mmHg and in spike activity of 77.7 ± 9.4%, similar to mixed amino acids or tryptophan. These effects of CCK-OP were not antagonized, however, by a dose of naloxone (1.0 mg/kg) that blocked the maximal pyloric response to leucine-enkephalin. We concluded 1) intraduodenal mixed amino acids or tryptophan increase phasic, spike-dependent pyloric contractions in the cat via nonvagal, naloxone-sensitive neural pathways, 2) phenylalanine, a structurally similar essential amino acid, had no effect on the feline gastroduodenal junction, and 3) the pyloric responses to exogenous CCK-OP are mediated by pathways distinct from the responses to tryptophan or mixed amino acids.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G307-G312
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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