Optical crystallographic study of piezoelectric KxNa 1-xNbO3 (x = 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6) single crystals using linear birefringence

Shashaank Gupta, Steven Huband, Dean S. Keeble, David Walker, Pam Thomas, Dwight Viehland, Shashank Priya

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Abstract

In this study, we report an optical crystallographic study of K xNa1-xNbO3 (x = 0.4, 0.5 and 0.6) single crystals in the temperature range of 30-600°C. At room temperature, these three compositions were found to exhibit monoclinic MC, monoclinic MA/MB and orthorhombic symmetries respectively. All the compositions showed a transformation to tetragonal and to cubic symmetries around 200°C and 400°C respectively. In the tetragonal phase field (200-400°C), coexistence of a lower symmetry phase was also evident. In the paraelectric regime (400-600°C), all crystals exhibited non-zero birefringence, suggestive of deviation from ideal cubic symmetry m3m. Furthermore, crystals of the morphotropic phase boundary composition (x = 0.5) were found to have very small and organized domains, as compared to the other two compositions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6790-6799
Number of pages10
JournalCrystEngComm
Volume15
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 14 2013

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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