Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752: Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables

David Pooley, Walter H.G. Lewin, Lee Homer, Frank Verbunt, Scott F. Anderson, Bryan M. Gaensler, Bruce Margon, Jon M. Miller, Derek W. Fox, Victoria M. Kaspi, Michiel Van der Klis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

We report on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory ACIS-S3 imaging observation of the globular cluster NGC 6752. We detect six X-ray sources within the 10″.5 core radius and 13 more within the 115″ half-mass radius down to a limiting luminosity of LX ≈ 1030 ergs s -1 for cluster sources. We reanalyze archival data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array and make 12 optical identifications and one radio identification. Based on X-ray and optical properties of the identifications, we find 10 likely cataclysmic variables (CVs), one to three likely RS CVn or BY Dra systems, and one or two possible background objects. Of the seven sources for which no optical identifications were made, we expect that approximately two to four are background objects and that the rest are either CVs or some or all of the five millisecond pulsars whose radio positions are not yet accurately known. These and other Chandra results on globular clusters indicate that the dozens of CVs per cluster expected by theoretical arguments are being found. The findings to date also suggest that the ratio of CVs to other types of X-ray sources is remarkably similar in clusters of very different structural parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)405-417
Number of pages13
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume569
Issue number1 I
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2002

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cataclysmic variables
globular clusters
x rays
radio
radii
Hubble Space Telescope
optical property
pulsars
erg
observatories
observatory
luminosity
telescopes
optical properties

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Pooley, D., Lewin, W. H. G., Homer, L., Verbunt, F., Anderson, S. F., Gaensler, B. M., ... Van der Klis, M. (2002). Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752: Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables. Astrophysical Journal, 569(1 I), 405-417. https://doi.org/10.1086/339210
Pooley, David ; Lewin, Walter H.G. ; Homer, Lee ; Verbunt, Frank ; Anderson, Scott F. ; Gaensler, Bryan M. ; Margon, Bruce ; Miller, Jon M. ; Fox, Derek W. ; Kaspi, Victoria M. ; Van der Klis, Michiel. / Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752 : Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2002 ; Vol. 569, No. 1 I. pp. 405-417.
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Pooley, D, Lewin, WHG, Homer, L, Verbunt, F, Anderson, SF, Gaensler, BM, Margon, B, Miller, JM, Fox, DW, Kaspi, VM & Van der Klis, M 2002, 'Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752: Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 569, no. 1 I, pp. 405-417. https://doi.org/10.1086/339210

Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752 : Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables. / Pooley, David; Lewin, Walter H.G.; Homer, Lee; Verbunt, Frank; Anderson, Scott F.; Gaensler, Bryan M.; Margon, Bruce; Miller, Jon M.; Fox, Derek W.; Kaspi, Victoria M.; Van der Klis, Michiel.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 569, No. 1 I, 10.04.2002, p. 405-417.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Optical identification of multiple faint X-ray sources in the globular cluster NGC 6752

T2 - Evidence for numerous cataclysmic variables

AU - Pooley, David

AU - Lewin, Walter H.G.

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AU - Verbunt, Frank

AU - Anderson, Scott F.

AU - Gaensler, Bryan M.

AU - Margon, Bruce

AU - Miller, Jon M.

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AU - Kaspi, Victoria M.

AU - Van der Klis, Michiel

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N2 - We report on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory ACIS-S3 imaging observation of the globular cluster NGC 6752. We detect six X-ray sources within the 10″.5 core radius and 13 more within the 115″ half-mass radius down to a limiting luminosity of LX ≈ 1030 ergs s -1 for cluster sources. We reanalyze archival data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array and make 12 optical identifications and one radio identification. Based on X-ray and optical properties of the identifications, we find 10 likely cataclysmic variables (CVs), one to three likely RS CVn or BY Dra systems, and one or two possible background objects. Of the seven sources for which no optical identifications were made, we expect that approximately two to four are background objects and that the rest are either CVs or some or all of the five millisecond pulsars whose radio positions are not yet accurately known. These and other Chandra results on globular clusters indicate that the dozens of CVs per cluster expected by theoretical arguments are being found. The findings to date also suggest that the ratio of CVs to other types of X-ray sources is remarkably similar in clusters of very different structural parameters.

AB - We report on the Chandra X-Ray Observatory ACIS-S3 imaging observation of the globular cluster NGC 6752. We detect six X-ray sources within the 10″.5 core radius and 13 more within the 115″ half-mass radius down to a limiting luminosity of LX ≈ 1030 ergs s -1 for cluster sources. We reanalyze archival data from the Hubble Space Telescope and the Australia Telescope Compact Array and make 12 optical identifications and one radio identification. Based on X-ray and optical properties of the identifications, we find 10 likely cataclysmic variables (CVs), one to three likely RS CVn or BY Dra systems, and one or two possible background objects. Of the seven sources for which no optical identifications were made, we expect that approximately two to four are background objects and that the rest are either CVs or some or all of the five millisecond pulsars whose radio positions are not yet accurately known. These and other Chandra results on globular clusters indicate that the dozens of CVs per cluster expected by theoretical arguments are being found. The findings to date also suggest that the ratio of CVs to other types of X-ray sources is remarkably similar in clusters of very different structural parameters.

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