The cooling mechanisms for laser cooling of atoms in optical molasses have been investigated experimentally. A significant simplification over the usual three-dimensional geometry has been obtained by studying the optical molasses in one or two dimensions only. By proper choice of polarizations the behavior of a pure two-level system as well as the more complicated effects of polarization gradients on laser cooling of a multilevel atom were observed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics