The coordination of energy carriers in energy systems has significant benefits in enhancing the flexibility, efficiency, and sustainability characteristics of energy networks. These benefits are of great importance for multi-carrier energy networks due to the complexity of obtaining optimal dispatch, considering the non-convex nature of their energy conversion. The current study proposes a robust operation model for the coordination of multi-carrier systems, including electricity, gas, heat, and water carriers concerning thermal energy storage technology. Thermal energy storage is for storing extra heat generated by combined heat and power (CHP) plants and boilers in time intervals with low heat demand on the system and discharging it when required. Energy network operators should have the capability to manage uncertain energy loads to study the impact of load variation on the decision-making process in network operation. Accordingly, this study employs an information gap decision theory (IGDT) method to model the uncertainty of the power demand in optimal system operation. By applying the IGDT approach, the operator of the energy system can use the appropriate methodology to obtain a robust optimal operation. Such a modeling approach helps the operator to make suitable decisions about probable variations in power load. The introduced model is applied in a test system for evaluating the performance and effectiveness of the introduced scheme.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law