We investigate optimal subsampling for quantile regression. We derive the asymptotic distribution of a general subsampling estimator and then derive two versions of optimal subsampling probabilities. One version minimizes the trace of the asymptotic variance-covariance matrix for a linearly transformed parameter estimator and the other minimizes that of the original parameter estimator. The former does not depend on the densities of the responses given covariates and is easy to implement. Algorithms based on optimal subsampling probabilities are proposed and asymptotic distributions, and the asymptotic optimality of the resulting estimators are established. Furthermore, we propose an iterative subsampling procedure based on the optimal subsampling probabilities in the linearly transformed parameter estimation which has great scalability to utilize available computational resources. In addition, this procedure yields standard errors for parameter estimators without estimating the densities of the responses given the covariates. We provide numerical examples based on both simulated and real data to illustrate the proposed method.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
- Applied Mathematics