Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an increasingly used, minimally invasive, cancer treatment modality for patients who are unwilling or unable to undergo a major resective surgery. There is a need for RFA electrodes that generate thermal ablation zones that closely match the geometry of typical tumors, especially for endoscopic ultrasoundguided (EUS) RFA. In this paper, the procedure for optimization of an RFA electrode is presented. First, a novel compliant electrode design is proposed. Next, a thermal ablation model is developed to predict the ablation zone produced by an RFA electrode in biological tissue. Then, a multi-objective genetic algorithm is used to optimize two cases of the electrode geometry to match the region of destructed tissue to a spherical tumor of a specified diameter. This optimization procedure is then applied to EUS-RFA ablation of pancreatic tissue. For a target 2.5 cm spherical tumor, the optimal design parameters of the compliant electrode design are found for two cases. Cases 1 and 2 optimal solutions filled 70.9% and 87.0% of the target volume as compared to only 25.1% for a standard straight electrode. The results of the optimization demonstrate how computational models combined with optimization can be used for systematic design of ablation electrodes. The optimization procedure may be applied to RFA of various tissue types for systematic design of electrodes for a specific target shape.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Medical Devices, Transactions of the ASME|
|State||Published - Sep 1 2018|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering