Optimization of Split Keyboard Design for Touchscreen Devices

Mohammad Ali Alamdar Yazdi, Ashkan Negahban, Lora Cavuoto, Fadel M. Megahed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


While many large touchscreen devices have a split keyboard option to enable two-thumb typing, there are significant differences in the design which affect users’ text entry rate. A mixed-integer programming model is developed to optimize key-to-thumb assignment with the objective of minimizing the expected time to type a character. Computer simulations are conducted to determine the optimal key dimension under different values of the Fitts’ law’s slope coefficient, typing error rate, and alternate-hand advantage phenomenon. The results show that text entry rate and the optimal key-to-thumb assignment depend on key dimensions, user’s speed-accuracy profile, and the level of alternate-hand advantage. The optimal keyboard is proposed. To validate the analytical findings, an empirical study is conducted with eighteen users and six different keyboards in terms of key dimensions and typing zone. Empirical results report between 7% and 18% improvement in the text entry rate over the other split keyboards tested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)468-477
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Human-Computer Interaction
Issue number6
StatePublished - Apr 3 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimization of Split Keyboard Design for Touchscreen Devices'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this