Au and the 3d transition metals are immiscible under equilibrium conditions, but nonequilibrium alloys and intermetallic compounds of these elements are of interest for their potential multifunctional optical, catalytic, and magnetic properties. Here we report an optimized synthesis of intermetallic compounds with nominal compositions of Au3Fe1-x, Au 3Co1-x, and Au3Ni1-x as nanoparticles. Identification and optimization of the key synthetic variables (solvent, order of reagent addition, stabilizer, heating rate) led to the generation of nanoparticles with high phase purity and sample sizes of > 30 mg, which is an order of magnitude larger than what was previously achievable. These intermetallic nanoparticles, which have diffraction patterns consistent with the L12 structure type, were characterized by powder XRD, TEM, EDS, electron diffraction, UV-visible spectroscopy, and SQUID magnetometry. Aliquot studies showed that Au3Fe1-x formed through the initial nucleation of Au nanoparticles, followed by subsequent incorporation of Fe. Magnetic studies of powdered samples identified Au3Fe 1-x and Au3Co1-x as superparamagnetic with TB=7.9 and 2.4 K, respectively. Au3Ni1-x is paramagnetic down to 1.8 K.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Materials Chemistry