TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimizing Thermoacoustic Characterization Experiments for Identifiability Improves Both Parameter Estimation Accuracy and Closed-Loop Controller Robustness Guarantees

AU - Chen, Xiaoling

AU - O’Connor, Jacqueline

AU - Fathy, Hosam

N1 - Funding Information:
This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. CMMI-1728307. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.
Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.

PY - 2022

Y1 - 2022

N2 - This article examines the degree to which optimizing a Rijke tube experiment can improve the accuracy of thermoacoustic model parameter estimation, thereby facilitating robust stability control. We use a one-dimensional thermoacoustic model to describe the combustion dynamics in a Rijke tube. This model contains two unknown parameters that relate velocity perturbations to heat release rate oscillations, namely, a time delay (Formula presented.) and amplification factor (Formula presented.). The parameters are estimated from experiments where the system input is the acoustic excitation from a loudspeaker and the output is the pressure response captured by a microphone. Our work is grounded in the insight that optimizing an experiment’s design for higher Fisher identifiability leads to more accurate parameter estimates. The novel goal of this paper is to apply this insight in the laboratory using a flame-driven Rijke tube setup. For comparison purposes, we conduct a benchmark experiment with a broadband chirp signal as the excitation input. Next, we excite the Rijke tube at two frequencies optimized for Fisher identifiability. Repeats of both experiments show that the optimal experiment achieves parameter estimates with uncertainties at least one order of magnitude smaller than the benchmark. With smaller parameter estimate uncertainties, an LQG controller designed to attenuate combustion instabilities is able to achieve stronger robustness guarantees, quantified in terms of closed-loop structured singular values that account for parameter estimation uncertainty.

AB - This article examines the degree to which optimizing a Rijke tube experiment can improve the accuracy of thermoacoustic model parameter estimation, thereby facilitating robust stability control. We use a one-dimensional thermoacoustic model to describe the combustion dynamics in a Rijke tube. This model contains two unknown parameters that relate velocity perturbations to heat release rate oscillations, namely, a time delay (Formula presented.) and amplification factor (Formula presented.). The parameters are estimated from experiments where the system input is the acoustic excitation from a loudspeaker and the output is the pressure response captured by a microphone. Our work is grounded in the insight that optimizing an experiment’s design for higher Fisher identifiability leads to more accurate parameter estimates. The novel goal of this paper is to apply this insight in the laboratory using a flame-driven Rijke tube setup. For comparison purposes, we conduct a benchmark experiment with a broadband chirp signal as the excitation input. Next, we excite the Rijke tube at two frequencies optimized for Fisher identifiability. Repeats of both experiments show that the optimal experiment achieves parameter estimates with uncertainties at least one order of magnitude smaller than the benchmark. With smaller parameter estimate uncertainties, an LQG controller designed to attenuate combustion instabilities is able to achieve stronger robustness guarantees, quantified in terms of closed-loop structured singular values that account for parameter estimation uncertainty.

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U2 - 10.1080/00102202.2020.1858818

DO - 10.1080/00102202.2020.1858818

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85099416799

VL - 194

SP - 2186

EP - 2211

JO - Combustion Science and Technology

JF - Combustion Science and Technology

SN - 0010-2202

IS - 11

ER -