Optimizing transit signal priority implementation along an arterial

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transit signal priority (TSP) is a common method of providing priority to buses at signalized intersections. The implementation of TSP can affect travel time of cars traveling in the same, opposite, and cross directions. The bus delay savings and car travel-time impacts are not expected to increase linearly when considering multiple intersections along an arterial. This paper quantifies the influence of TSP on arterials with dedicated bus lanes considering an arterial-wide approach utilizing variational theory. Existing tools were modified to quantify the change in capacity along an arterial where TSP was implemented and it was shown that this effect was negligible. In addition, the bus delay savings and cross-street capacity losses were determined. Case studies provided insights into the influence of TSP among different network homogeneities and bus frequencies. Using these tools, an optimization framework was developed to determine where to implement TSP along an arterial to maximize the marginal benefits, or minimize marginal costs. In addition, a comparison of evaluating an arterial as a sum of isolated intersections as opposed to evaluating an arterial as a whole is presented. This analysis indicates the necessity of the arterial-based method in considering TSP impacts along corridors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-227
Number of pages13
JournalTransportation Research Record
Volume2672
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

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