Abstract

We report a rare case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive polymorphic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) involving the lacrimal gland of a 28-year-old, apparently immunocompetent woman. She presented with a chief complaint of orbital swelling and tenderness and was found to have a lesion involving the right lacrimal gland and distal superior and lateral rectus muscles. Histology of the lesion revealed histiocytes with pleomorphic nuclei, reactive lymphocytes, and scattered cells that resembled the Reed-Sternberg (R-S) cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. The R-S-like cells were positive for PAX5 and CD30 and negative for CD15, supporting a diagnosis of polymorphic B-cell LPD. In situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA demonstrated the presence of EBV. Most EBV-positive polymorphic B-cell LPDs are associated with immunodeficiency. However, the patient described is HIV-negative and has no identifiable defects in immunoglobulin levels or cell-mediated immunity. This raises the question of whether she has an underlying immunodeficiency resulting from subtle changes in T-cell physiology, or whether chronic EBV infection contributed to her immune dysfunction through an unclear mechanism. The orbital mass partially regressed with chemotherapy, and the patient has done well clinically with no recurrence of this EBV-LPD for over 2 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-65
Number of pages5
JournalOcular Oncology and Pathology
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Human Herpesvirus 4
B-Lymphocytes
Reed-Sternberg Cells
Lacrimal Apparatus
Cell Physiological Phenomena
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections
Histiocytes
Hodgkin Disease
Cellular Immunity
In Situ Hybridization
Immunoglobulins
Histology
HIV
Lymphocytes
RNA
T-Lymphocytes
Recurrence
Drug Therapy
Muscles

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

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title = "Orbital Epstein-Barr Virus-Positive Polymorphic B-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder in an Apparently Immunocompetent Woman",
abstract = "We report a rare case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive polymorphic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) involving the lacrimal gland of a 28-year-old, apparently immunocompetent woman. She presented with a chief complaint of orbital swelling and tenderness and was found to have a lesion involving the right lacrimal gland and distal superior and lateral rectus muscles. Histology of the lesion revealed histiocytes with pleomorphic nuclei, reactive lymphocytes, and scattered cells that resembled the Reed-Sternberg (R-S) cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. The R-S-like cells were positive for PAX5 and CD30 and negative for CD15, supporting a diagnosis of polymorphic B-cell LPD. In situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA demonstrated the presence of EBV. Most EBV-positive polymorphic B-cell LPDs are associated with immunodeficiency. However, the patient described is HIV-negative and has no identifiable defects in immunoglobulin levels or cell-mediated immunity. This raises the question of whether she has an underlying immunodeficiency resulting from subtle changes in T-cell physiology, or whether chronic EBV infection contributed to her immune dysfunction through an unclear mechanism. The orbital mass partially regressed with chemotherapy, and the patient has done well clinically with no recurrence of this EBV-LPD for over 2 years.",
author = "Abendroth, {Michael D.} and Michael Bayerl and Michael Wilkinson and David Claxton and Charles Specht",
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T1 - Orbital Epstein-Barr Virus-Positive Polymorphic B-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder in an Apparently Immunocompetent Woman

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AU - Bayerl, Michael

AU - Wilkinson, Michael

AU - Claxton, David

AU - Specht, Charles

PY - 2017/12/1

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AB - We report a rare case of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive polymorphic B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder (LPD) involving the lacrimal gland of a 28-year-old, apparently immunocompetent woman. She presented with a chief complaint of orbital swelling and tenderness and was found to have a lesion involving the right lacrimal gland and distal superior and lateral rectus muscles. Histology of the lesion revealed histiocytes with pleomorphic nuclei, reactive lymphocytes, and scattered cells that resembled the Reed-Sternberg (R-S) cells of classical Hodgkin lymphoma. The R-S-like cells were positive for PAX5 and CD30 and negative for CD15, supporting a diagnosis of polymorphic B-cell LPD. In situ hybridization for EBV-encoded RNA demonstrated the presence of EBV. Most EBV-positive polymorphic B-cell LPDs are associated with immunodeficiency. However, the patient described is HIV-negative and has no identifiable defects in immunoglobulin levels or cell-mediated immunity. This raises the question of whether she has an underlying immunodeficiency resulting from subtle changes in T-cell physiology, or whether chronic EBV infection contributed to her immune dysfunction through an unclear mechanism. The orbital mass partially regressed with chemotherapy, and the patient has done well clinically with no recurrence of this EBV-LPD for over 2 years.

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