Objective: In this study, we review the initial clinical and radiological management and early outcomes of 14 patients with orbitocranial war injuries treated at the University Hospital Split between 1991 and 1995. Methods: This investigation involves 14 patients (13 soldiers and I civilian) with orbitocranial war injuries. The mean patient age was 31 years (range, 23-54 years). The penetrating object was a metal shrapnel fragment in 8 patients and a bullet in 6 patients. The results of clinical and radiological management were retrospectively analyzed. Results: The mean time from the moment of wounding to hospital admission was 6 hours (range, 1-30 hours). The mean Glasgow Coma Scale score was 8 (range, 3-14), Craniotomy was the basic neurosurgical procedure, and three patients were treated with simple scalp wound debridement and closure. Osteoplastic operations of the orbital bones were performed in 13 patients. Enucleation/evisceration was performed in 6 patients (42.8%). At discharge, the mean Glasgow Outcome Scale score was 13, and 1 patient died in the hospital. Blindness (including amaurosis and anophthalmus) was present in nine eyes (8 patients), light-perception positivity and projection positivity were present in four eyes, and visual acuity was at 0.1 in 1 patient. Conclusion: An early multidisciplinary therapeutic approach and computed tomography as a diagnostic procedure are necessary for a good result in the treatment of orbitocranial war injuries.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health