Organic polymers with cyclophosphazene side groups: Influence of the phosphazene on physical properties and thermolysis

Harry R. Allcock, Thomas J. Hartle, Jonathan P. Taylor, Nicolas J. Sunderland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate) copolymers with cyclophosphazene side groups have been prepared by the reactions of azidocyclophosphazenes with diphenylstyrylphosphine residues in the copolymer structures. The cyclophosphazene pendent groups were present in from 1 to 100% of the monomer residues in polystyrene and from 2 to 20% of the repeating units in poly(methyl methacrylate). In both systems, the cyclophosphazene side units lowered the Tg roughly in proportion to their concentration in the macromolecules. The presence of ∼10% of cyclophosphazene-bearing monomer residues markedly reduces the combustibility of both polystyrene and poly(methyl methacrylate). The mechanism of fire retardance is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3896-3904
Number of pages9
JournalMacromolecules
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Chemistry

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