Organization and distribution pattern of MGLR-3, a novel retrotransposon in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea

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Abstract

A specific telomere was deleted in spontaneous, gain-of-virulence mutants derived from a rice pathogen of Magnaporthe grisea. Three different types of transposons, including Pot2, Mg-SINE, and a novel, 6-kb-long LTR (long terminal repeat)-type retrotransposon designated MGLR-3, were identified on this chromosomal end. The 114-bp-long telomeric repeat is immediately followed by the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3. A truncated copy of Pot2 immediately flanks the 5′ LTR, suggesting that this telomere was generated by a transposition event of MGLR-3 into this Pot2 element, causing the breakage of a chromosome. The subsequent addition of a telomeric repeat to the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3 most probably repaired the broken end of the chromosome. Mg-SINE is located 25 bp away from the truncated Pot2 element. MGLR-3 exhibited strong homology to various gypsy-class retrotransposons, including grh and MAGGY in M. grisea. MGLR-3 is ubiquitous regardless of the host of origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-19
Number of pages9
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Magnaporthe
Retroelements
Terminal Repeat Sequences
Fungi
Short Interspersed Nucleotide Elements
Telomere
Chromosome Breakage
Virulence
Chromosomes
Oryza

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Organization and distribution pattern of MGLR-3, a novel retrotransposon in the rice blast fungus Magnaporthe grisea",
abstract = "A specific telomere was deleted in spontaneous, gain-of-virulence mutants derived from a rice pathogen of Magnaporthe grisea. Three different types of transposons, including Pot2, Mg-SINE, and a novel, 6-kb-long LTR (long terminal repeat)-type retrotransposon designated MGLR-3, were identified on this chromosomal end. The 114-bp-long telomeric repeat is immediately followed by the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3. A truncated copy of Pot2 immediately flanks the 5′ LTR, suggesting that this telomere was generated by a transposition event of MGLR-3 into this Pot2 element, causing the breakage of a chromosome. The subsequent addition of a telomeric repeat to the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3 most probably repaired the broken end of the chromosome. Mg-SINE is located 25 bp away from the truncated Pot2 element. MGLR-3 exhibited strong homology to various gypsy-class retrotransposons, including grh and MAGGY in M. grisea. MGLR-3 is ubiquitous regardless of the host of origin.",
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N2 - A specific telomere was deleted in spontaneous, gain-of-virulence mutants derived from a rice pathogen of Magnaporthe grisea. Three different types of transposons, including Pot2, Mg-SINE, and a novel, 6-kb-long LTR (long terminal repeat)-type retrotransposon designated MGLR-3, were identified on this chromosomal end. The 114-bp-long telomeric repeat is immediately followed by the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3. A truncated copy of Pot2 immediately flanks the 5′ LTR, suggesting that this telomere was generated by a transposition event of MGLR-3 into this Pot2 element, causing the breakage of a chromosome. The subsequent addition of a telomeric repeat to the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3 most probably repaired the broken end of the chromosome. Mg-SINE is located 25 bp away from the truncated Pot2 element. MGLR-3 exhibited strong homology to various gypsy-class retrotransposons, including grh and MAGGY in M. grisea. MGLR-3 is ubiquitous regardless of the host of origin.

AB - A specific telomere was deleted in spontaneous, gain-of-virulence mutants derived from a rice pathogen of Magnaporthe grisea. Three different types of transposons, including Pot2, Mg-SINE, and a novel, 6-kb-long LTR (long terminal repeat)-type retrotransposon designated MGLR-3, were identified on this chromosomal end. The 114-bp-long telomeric repeat is immediately followed by the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3. A truncated copy of Pot2 immediately flanks the 5′ LTR, suggesting that this telomere was generated by a transposition event of MGLR-3 into this Pot2 element, causing the breakage of a chromosome. The subsequent addition of a telomeric repeat to the 3′ LTR of MGLR-3 most probably repaired the broken end of the chromosome. Mg-SINE is located 25 bp away from the truncated Pot2 element. MGLR-3 exhibited strong homology to various gypsy-class retrotransposons, including grh and MAGGY in M. grisea. MGLR-3 is ubiquitous regardless of the host of origin.

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