Organizational Frames of Reference

Paul Shrivastava, Susan Schneider

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

95 Scopus citations


This paper proposes the concept of “organizational frames of reference” (OFOR) as a framework for examining the unquestioned assumptions and processes underlying strategic decision-making. Components of OFOR are described and their functions and formation are discussed. Future research questions and management implications are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)795-809
Number of pages15
JournalHuman Relations
Issue number10
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Social Sciences(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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