Organizational Learning during Advanced System Development: Opportunities and Obstacles

Eric W. Stein, Betty Vandenbosch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations


Higher-order organizational learning occurs when a company adopts new principles, assumptions, and paradigms, which often turn into competitive advantage. Systems development and implementation offer an opportunity for higher-order organizational learning that is rarely exploited. Advanced information systems, in particular expert systems (ES) and executive information systems (EIS), provide ample opportunities for higher-order organizational learning if the development process is structured in certain ways. This work includes an analysis of three organizations in terms of project outcomes, organizational learning outcomes, and organizational performance. On the basis of these assessments, five critical success factors are identified that may contribute to organizational learning during advanced system development. The relationships between these factors and organizational outcomes are summarized in a preliminary model that can form the basis for future research. The work closes with some recommendations for ways information systems managers can encourage higher-order organizational learning during advanced system development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-136
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Management Information Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Management Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Information Systems and Management


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