Oriental fruit moth pheromone component emission rates measured after collection by glass-surface adsorption

Thomas Charles Baker, Ring T. Cardé, James R. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

51 Scopus citations

Abstract

We collected and quantified both synthetic and natural Oriental fruit moth [Grapholitha molesta (Busck)] sex pheromone components in 250-ml round-bottom flasks by hexane rinsing of compounds adsorbed on the glass walls. This simple procedure collected 100% of the pheromone evaporated inside the flask and was useful for quantifying both nanogram and microgram amounts of emitted pheromone. Emission rates of (Z)-8-dodecenyl acetate from 1000, 100, and 10 μg-loaded rubber septa were 219, 12, and 1.2 ng/hr, respectively. G. molesta females emitted this component at 3.2 ng/hr, close to the emission rate from a 10 μg-loaded septum, which evokes "long-range" and "close-range" behaviors in the male. The corresponding alcohol, (Z)-8-dodecenyl alcohol, was emitted from rubber septa ca. 3 times faster than the acetate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)749-758
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Chemical Ecology
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 1980

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Biochemistry

Cite this