Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage

Jun Liu, Guozhong Cao, Zhenguo Yang, Donghai Wang, Dan Dubois, Xiaodong Zhou, Gordon L. Graff, Larry R. Pederson, Ji Guang Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

311 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Recently, the role of nanostructured materials in addressing the challenges in energy and natural resources has attracted wide attention. In particular, oriented nanostructures demonstrate promising properties for energy harvesting, conversion, and storage. In this Review, we highlight the synthesis and application of oriented nanostructures in a few key areas of energy technologies, namely photovoltaics, batteries, supercapacitors, and thermoelectrics. Although the applications differ from field to field, a common fundamental challenge is to improve the generation and transport of electrons and ions. We highlight the role of high surface area to maximize the surface activity and discuss the importance of optimum dimension and architecture, controlled pore channels, and alignment of the nanocrystalline phase to optimize the transport of electrons and ions. Finally, we discuss the challenges in attaining integrated architectures to achieve the desired performance. Brief background information is provided for the relevant technologies, but the emphasis is focused mainly on the nanoscale effects of mostly inorganic-based materials and devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)676-697
Number of pages22
JournalChemSusChem
Volume1
Issue number8-9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

Fingerprint

Energy conversion
Energy storage
Nanostructures
Ions
electron
ion
Electrons
Energy harvesting
Natural resources
Energy resources
energy resource
Nanostructured materials
natural resource
surface area
energy
energy conversion
energy storage
material
Supercapacitor
battery

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Energy(all)

Cite this

Liu, J., Cao, G., Yang, Z., Wang, D., Dubois, D., Zhou, X., ... Zhang, J. G. (2008). Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage. ChemSusChem, 1(8-9), 676-697. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.200800087
Liu, Jun ; Cao, Guozhong ; Yang, Zhenguo ; Wang, Donghai ; Dubois, Dan ; Zhou, Xiaodong ; Graff, Gordon L. ; Pederson, Larry R. ; Zhang, Ji Guang. / Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage. In: ChemSusChem. 2008 ; Vol. 1, No. 8-9. pp. 676-697.
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Liu, J, Cao, G, Yang, Z, Wang, D, Dubois, D, Zhou, X, Graff, GL, Pederson, LR & Zhang, JG 2008, 'Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage', ChemSusChem, vol. 1, no. 8-9, pp. 676-697. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.200800087

Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage. / Liu, Jun; Cao, Guozhong; Yang, Zhenguo; Wang, Donghai; Dubois, Dan; Zhou, Xiaodong; Graff, Gordon L.; Pederson, Larry R.; Zhang, Ji Guang.

In: ChemSusChem, Vol. 1, No. 8-9, 01.09.2008, p. 676-697.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Liu J, Cao G, Yang Z, Wang D, Dubois D, Zhou X et al. Oriented nanostructures for energy conversion and storage. ChemSusChem. 2008 Sep 1;1(8-9):676-697. https://doi.org/10.1002/cssc.200800087