A relatively large bipolar strain of 0.23% was recently reported in 3% Sn4+ doped (BaTi0.8Zr0.2)O3-x (Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 (BZT-xBCT) ceramics under a field of 20 kV/cm. This strain is 53% higher than that in BZT-50BCT (0.15% at 20 kV/cm). To systematically study the mechanism and origin of the large electrostrain enhancement in Sn4+ doped BZT-53.3BCT, we develop a parameterized Landau free energy model and perform phase field simulations. Our results indicate that the softening of the elastic modulus C′=C11−C12 accompanied by the reduction of anisotropy energy due to the 3% Sn4+ doping is primarily responsible for the large electrostrain enhancement.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys