Origin of the turn-on temperature behavior in WTe2

Y. L. Wang, L. R. Thoutam, Z. L. Xiao, J. Hu, S. Das, Z. Q. Mao, J. Wei, R. Divan, A. Luican-Mayer, G. W. Crabtree, W. K. Kwok

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Abstract

A hallmark of materials with extremely large magnetoresistance (XMR) is the transformative turn-on temperature behavior: when the applied magnetic field H is above certain value, the resistivity versus temperature ρ(T) curve shows a minimum at a field dependent temperature T∗, which has been interpreted as a magnetic-field-driven metal-insulator transition or attributed to an electronic structure change. Here, we demonstrate that ρ(T) curves with turn-on behavior in the newly discovered XMR material WTe2 can be scaled as MR∼(H/ρ0)m with m≈2 and ρ0 being the resistivity at zero field. We obtained experimentally and also derived from the observed scaling the magnetic field dependence of the turn-on temperature T∗∼(H-Hc)ν with ν≈1/2, which was earlier used as evidence for a predicted metal-insulator transition. The scaling also leads to a simple quantitative expression for the resistivity ρ∗≈2ρ0 at the onset of the XMR behavior, which fits the data remarkably well. These results exclude the possible existence of a magnetic-field-driven metal-insulator transition or significant contribution of an electronic structure change to the low-temperature XMR in WTe2. This work resolves the origin of the turn-on behavior observed in several XMR materials and also provides a general route for a quantitative understanding of the temperature dependence of MR in both XMR and non-XMR materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number180402
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Volume92
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 3 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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    Wang, Y. L., Thoutam, L. R., Xiao, Z. L., Hu, J., Das, S., Mao, Z. Q., Wei, J., Divan, R., Luican-Mayer, A., Crabtree, G. W., & Kwok, W. K. (2015). Origin of the turn-on temperature behavior in WTe2. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 92(18), [180402]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.92.180402