Oropharyngeal Administration of Colostrum Increases Salivary Secretory IgA Levels in Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Kristen M. Glass, Coleen P. Greecher, Kim K. Doheny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim Oropharyngeal administration of colostrum (OAC) has been proposed to provide mother's early milk to very low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants in the first few days of life. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that OAC would increase salivary secretory IgA (SsIgA). Patients and Methods Overall, 30 VLBW infants randomized to receive OAC or sterile water had salivary sampling for SsIgA on the day of life (DOL) 2, 7, and 14. The incidence of late-onset sepsis (LOS) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) was determined prospectively. Within and between-group comparisons were made by paired and independent samples t -tests. Results Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. SsIgA was higher in OAC versus the control group (p < 0.05) on DOL 7, but not subsequently on DOL 14. There was no difference in LOS or NEC. Conclusion OAC increased SsIgA at DOL 7. A large, multicenter trial is needed to determine if OAC decreases LOS or NEC in VLBW infants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1389-1395
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Perinatology
Volume34
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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