Osteitis pubis: A diagnosis for the family physician

Scott Andrews, Peter J. Carek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Osteitis pubis was first described in 1924 in patients who had had suprapubic surgery. Since that time many theories concerning the cause of the disease have been developed. Published case reports and retrospective record reviews of specific, isolated patient populations have been used to postulate an infectious, inflammatory, or traumatic cause of this condition. Such confusion reduces the likelihood of an accurate diagnosis of osteitis pubis, particularly in the primary care setting, where it is becoming increasingly likely that patients afflicted with this frustrating illness will initially seek treatment. Methods: This article describes a case report and provides a review of the literature. The medical literature was searched using the following key words: "abdominal pain," "pelvic pain," "inflammation," "symphysis pubis," and "enthesopathy." Results and Conclusions: Osteitis pubis, considered to be the most common inflammatory disease of the pubic symphysis, is a self-limiting inflammation secondary to trauma, pelvic surgery, childbirth, or overuse, and it can be found in almost any patient population. Occurring more commonly in men during their 30s and 40s, osteitis pubis causes pain in the pubic area, one or both groins, and in the lower rectus abdominis muscle. The pain can be exacerbated by exercise or specific movements, such as running, kicking, or pivoting on one leg, and is relieved with rest. Pain can occur with walking and can be in one or several of many distributions: perineal, testicular, suprapubic, inguinal, and postejaculatory in the scrotum and perineum. Symptoms are described as "groin burning," with discomfort while climbing stairs, coughing, or sneezing. A greater understanding and awareness of osteitis pubis will reduce patient and physician frustra-tion while improving overall outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)291-295
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Practice
Volume11
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Pubic Bone
Osteitis
Family Physicians
Groin
Pain
Pubic Symphysis
Inflammation
Sneezing
Perineum
Confusion
Rectus Abdominis
Scrotum
Pelvic Pain
Running
Abdominal Pain
Population
Walking
Primary Health Care
Leg
Parturition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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abstract = "Background: Osteitis pubis was first described in 1924 in patients who had had suprapubic surgery. Since that time many theories concerning the cause of the disease have been developed. Published case reports and retrospective record reviews of specific, isolated patient populations have been used to postulate an infectious, inflammatory, or traumatic cause of this condition. Such confusion reduces the likelihood of an accurate diagnosis of osteitis pubis, particularly in the primary care setting, where it is becoming increasingly likely that patients afflicted with this frustrating illness will initially seek treatment. Methods: This article describes a case report and provides a review of the literature. The medical literature was searched using the following key words: {"}abdominal pain,{"} {"}pelvic pain,{"} {"}inflammation,{"} {"}symphysis pubis,{"} and {"}enthesopathy.{"} Results and Conclusions: Osteitis pubis, considered to be the most common inflammatory disease of the pubic symphysis, is a self-limiting inflammation secondary to trauma, pelvic surgery, childbirth, or overuse, and it can be found in almost any patient population. Occurring more commonly in men during their 30s and 40s, osteitis pubis causes pain in the pubic area, one or both groins, and in the lower rectus abdominis muscle. The pain can be exacerbated by exercise or specific movements, such as running, kicking, or pivoting on one leg, and is relieved with rest. Pain can occur with walking and can be in one or several of many distributions: perineal, testicular, suprapubic, inguinal, and postejaculatory in the scrotum and perineum. Symptoms are described as {"}groin burning,{"} with discomfort while climbing stairs, coughing, or sneezing. A greater understanding and awareness of osteitis pubis will reduce patient and physician frustra-tion while improving overall outcomes.",
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Osteitis pubis : A diagnosis for the family physician. / Andrews, Scott; Carek, Peter J.

In: Journal of the American Board of Family Practice, Vol. 11, No. 4, 1998, p. 291-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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