The DRI values for vitamin A were last reviewed and defined in 2001. At the time, there was very sparse data that could be used to set the DRI values for pregnancy, lactation, and infancy. In the subsequent 20 y since the last formal review, a number of findings relevant to the adequacy indicator of visual dark adaptation in pregnancy, the usual vitamin A content of breast milk across lactation stages, and vitamin A metabolism in women and children have been published. Furthermore, identification of genetic variables affecting the bioconversion of provitamin A carotenoids to vitamin A have provided an improved explanation for interindividual variability in responses to provitamin A carotenoids. The purpose of this collection of articles, introduced herein, is to review and apply recent findings about vitamin A status, address current gaps in knowledge, and suggest avenues for future research needed to refine the DRI values for pregnancy, lactation, and early life.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Food Science
- Nutrition and Dietetics