Outcomes in 1096 patients with severe thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura before the Caplacizumab era

Andry Van De Louw, Eric Mariotte, Michael Darmon, Austin Cohrs, Douglas Leslie, Elie Azoulay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency. Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) combined with immunosuppression has been the cornerstone of the initial management. To produce optimal benefits, emerging treatments must be used against a background of best standard of care. Clarifying current uncertainties is therefore crucial. Methods The objective of this study was to analyze a large high-quality database (Marketscan) of TTP patients managed between 2005 and 2014, in the pre-caplacizumab era, in order to assess the impact of time to first TPE and use of first-line rituximab on mortality, and whether mortality declines over time. Results Among the 1096 included patients (median age 46 [IQR 35–55], 70% female), 28.8% received TPE before day 2 in the ICU. Hospital mortality was 7.6% (83 deaths). Mortality was independently associated with older age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.024/year; 95% confidence interval [95%CI], [1.009–1.040]), diagnosis of sepsis (HR, 2.360; 95%CI [1.552–3.588]), and the need for mechanical ventilation (HR, 4.103; 95%CI, [2.749–6.126]). Factors independently associated with lower mortality were TPE at ICU admission (HR, 0.284; 95% CI, [0.112–0.717]), TPE within one day after ICU admission (HR, 0.449; 95%CI, [0.275–0.907]), and early rituximab therapy (HR, 0.229; 95% CI, [0.111–0.471]). Delayed TPE was associated with significantly higher costs. Conclusions Immediate TPE and early rituximab are associated with improved survival in TTP patients. Improved treatments have led to a decline in mortality over time, and alternate outcome variables such as the use of hospital resources or longer term outcomes therefore need to be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0256024
JournalPloS one
Volume16
Issue number8 August
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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