Continuous exposure to GnRH eliminates the pituitary as a source of gonadotropins and may have direct suppressive effects on the ovary. A woman with PCO syndrome received leuprolide acetate (1 mg/d SC) for 4 weeks before and simultaneously with hMG stimulation. Human chorionic gonadotropin (5,000 IU) was administered IM on the 8th day of hMG therapy. There were 10 follicles >15 mm and a polycystic appearance to the ovaries with 25 follicles measuring <10 mm. The serum E2 concentration was 2,280 pg/mL. She developed severe ovarian hyperstimulation and required hospitalization for 12 days for fluid management. A viable intrauterine pregnancy was present. Four weeks of pretreatment with leuprolide did not prevent hyperstimulation in the presence of an intrauterine pregnancy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Reproductive Medicine
- Obstetrics and Gynecology