Owners and pets exercising together: Canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity

Christopher G. Byers, Cindy C. Wilson, Mark Stephens, Jeffrey L. Goodie, F. Ellen Netting, Cara H. Olsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits for DOs and their dogs. In Phase I, self-reported health measures, height, and weight were assessed for DOs. Body condition scores (BCS) for their dogs were also determined. Owners of overweight and obese dogs (BCS > 6) were recruited for Phase II in which a baseline serum biochemical profile was obtained for DOs and dogs. Participants were randomly assigned to either a physical activity (PA) or standard care (SC) group. All DOs were provided a pedometer to determine their baseline daily step count. The PA group was counseled by a veterinarian using a standard scripted handout to encourage increased physical activity with their dogs. The veterinarian also reviewed common barriers to activity, encouraged increased levels of physical activity, and delivered a specific exercise prescription for the dog. The stated goal was for the DO to spend at least 30 minutes a day engaged in physical activity with their dog. All owners and dogs returned in three months, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements were taken again. Seventy-five DOs completed Phase I. At the completion of Phase I, 46 DOs enrolled in Phase II. Of these, 32 completed all required elements. For all participants with complete Phase I and Phase II data, there was a significant reduction in mean BCS (6.7 to 6.4; t (31) = 2.88, p = 0.007). BCS and weight decreased similarly in both groups. Glucose increased over time in the SC group but not in the PA group, yielding a significant mean group difference at followup (113 mg/dL vs. 103 mg/dL; p = 0.01). Based on our findings, both groups increased physical activity and BCS decreased significantly, and veterinarian-based counseling may have impacted these changes. No other significant biochemical changes were noted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)325-333
Number of pages9
JournalAnthrozoos
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Veterinarians
Pets
physical activity
pets
veterinarians
Canidae
Dogs
Exercise
dogs
Group
body condition
counseling
health
Counseling
medication
Animal Hospitals
Weights and Measures
veterinary clinics
Insurance Benefits
anthropometric measurements

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Anthropology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • veterinary (miscalleneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Byers, Christopher G. ; Wilson, Cindy C. ; Stephens, Mark ; Goodie, Jeffrey L. ; Netting, F. Ellen ; Olsen, Cara H. / Owners and pets exercising together : Canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity. In: Anthrozoos. 2014 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 325-333.
@article{f025058266984c7bb0c481afe3145a4e,
title = "Owners and pets exercising together: Canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity",
abstract = "Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits for DOs and their dogs. In Phase I, self-reported health measures, height, and weight were assessed for DOs. Body condition scores (BCS) for their dogs were also determined. Owners of overweight and obese dogs (BCS > 6) were recruited for Phase II in which a baseline serum biochemical profile was obtained for DOs and dogs. Participants were randomly assigned to either a physical activity (PA) or standard care (SC) group. All DOs were provided a pedometer to determine their baseline daily step count. The PA group was counseled by a veterinarian using a standard scripted handout to encourage increased physical activity with their dogs. The veterinarian also reviewed common barriers to activity, encouraged increased levels of physical activity, and delivered a specific exercise prescription for the dog. The stated goal was for the DO to spend at least 30 minutes a day engaged in physical activity with their dog. All owners and dogs returned in three months, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements were taken again. Seventy-five DOs completed Phase I. At the completion of Phase I, 46 DOs enrolled in Phase II. Of these, 32 completed all required elements. For all participants with complete Phase I and Phase II data, there was a significant reduction in mean BCS (6.7 to 6.4; t (31) = 2.88, p = 0.007). BCS and weight decreased similarly in both groups. Glucose increased over time in the SC group but not in the PA group, yielding a significant mean group difference at followup (113 mg/dL vs. 103 mg/dL; p = 0.01). Based on our findings, both groups increased physical activity and BCS decreased significantly, and veterinarian-based counseling may have impacted these changes. No other significant biochemical changes were noted.",
author = "Byers, {Christopher G.} and Wilson, {Cindy C.} and Mark Stephens and Goodie, {Jeffrey L.} and Netting, {F. Ellen} and Olsen, {Cara H.}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2752/175303714X14036956449224",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
pages = "325--333",
journal = "Anthrozoos",
issn = "0892-7936",
publisher = "Berg Publishers",
number = "3",

}

Owners and pets exercising together : Canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity. / Byers, Christopher G.; Wilson, Cindy C.; Stephens, Mark; Goodie, Jeffrey L.; Netting, F. Ellen; Olsen, Cara H.

In: Anthrozoos, Vol. 27, No. 3, 01.01.2014, p. 325-333.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Owners and pets exercising together

T2 - Canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity

AU - Byers, Christopher G.

AU - Wilson, Cindy C.

AU - Stephens, Mark

AU - Goodie, Jeffrey L.

AU - Netting, F. Ellen

AU - Olsen, Cara H.

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits for DOs and their dogs. In Phase I, self-reported health measures, height, and weight were assessed for DOs. Body condition scores (BCS) for their dogs were also determined. Owners of overweight and obese dogs (BCS > 6) were recruited for Phase II in which a baseline serum biochemical profile was obtained for DOs and dogs. Participants were randomly assigned to either a physical activity (PA) or standard care (SC) group. All DOs were provided a pedometer to determine their baseline daily step count. The PA group was counseled by a veterinarian using a standard scripted handout to encourage increased physical activity with their dogs. The veterinarian also reviewed common barriers to activity, encouraged increased levels of physical activity, and delivered a specific exercise prescription for the dog. The stated goal was for the DO to spend at least 30 minutes a day engaged in physical activity with their dog. All owners and dogs returned in three months, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements were taken again. Seventy-five DOs completed Phase I. At the completion of Phase I, 46 DOs enrolled in Phase II. Of these, 32 completed all required elements. For all participants with complete Phase I and Phase II data, there was a significant reduction in mean BCS (6.7 to 6.4; t (31) = 2.88, p = 0.007). BCS and weight decreased similarly in both groups. Glucose increased over time in the SC group but not in the PA group, yielding a significant mean group difference at followup (113 mg/dL vs. 103 mg/dL; p = 0.01). Based on our findings, both groups increased physical activity and BCS decreased significantly, and veterinarian-based counseling may have impacted these changes. No other significant biochemical changes were noted.

AB - Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits for DOs and their dogs. In Phase I, self-reported health measures, height, and weight were assessed for DOs. Body condition scores (BCS) for their dogs were also determined. Owners of overweight and obese dogs (BCS > 6) were recruited for Phase II in which a baseline serum biochemical profile was obtained for DOs and dogs. Participants were randomly assigned to either a physical activity (PA) or standard care (SC) group. All DOs were provided a pedometer to determine their baseline daily step count. The PA group was counseled by a veterinarian using a standard scripted handout to encourage increased physical activity with their dogs. The veterinarian also reviewed common barriers to activity, encouraged increased levels of physical activity, and delivered a specific exercise prescription for the dog. The stated goal was for the DO to spend at least 30 minutes a day engaged in physical activity with their dog. All owners and dogs returned in three months, and biochemical and anthropometric measurements were taken again. Seventy-five DOs completed Phase I. At the completion of Phase I, 46 DOs enrolled in Phase II. Of these, 32 completed all required elements. For all participants with complete Phase I and Phase II data, there was a significant reduction in mean BCS (6.7 to 6.4; t (31) = 2.88, p = 0.007). BCS and weight decreased similarly in both groups. Glucose increased over time in the SC group but not in the PA group, yielding a significant mean group difference at followup (113 mg/dL vs. 103 mg/dL; p = 0.01). Based on our findings, both groups increased physical activity and BCS decreased significantly, and veterinarian-based counseling may have impacted these changes. No other significant biochemical changes were noted.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84929660352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84929660352&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2752/175303714X14036956449224

DO - 10.2752/175303714X14036956449224

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84929660352

VL - 27

SP - 325

EP - 333

JO - Anthrozoos

JF - Anthrozoos

SN - 0892-7936

IS - 3

ER -