To improve oxidation inhibition, elemental boron and two phosphorus compounds were doped into an activated carbon cloth and a carbon felt. The hypothesis was that P can block active sites by virtue of the formation of C-P-O or C-O-P bonds at graphene edges while substitutional B can alter the chemical reactivity of the residual free active sites by reducing the electron density in the graphene layer. To increase the final dopant concentration, the carbon felt was activated in nitric acid. The crystallinity of activated carbon cloth was improved by heat treatment and substitutional B; that of carbon felt was also improved, but not necessarily due to substitutional B. In all cases the oxidation reactivity is suppressed by heat treatment and in the presence of dopants. The oxidation inhibition mechanism in P-doped samples appears to be active sites blockage because of a proportional increase of oxidation inhibition with increasing P loading. The results for B-doped samples are consistent with our previous studies in which B was found to exhibit both a catalytic and an inhibiting effect on carbon oxidation. Samples doped with both P and B showed the most effective oxidation inhibition and their oxidation behavior is described in detail.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)