Oxidation of biodiesel fuels for improved lubricity

Kimberly S. Wain, Joseph Manuel Sr Perez

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diesel engine emissions are a source of environmental concern. The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. This study aims to further increase the oxygen content of biodiesel by oxidizing the fuel, analyzing the resulting product, and determining if favorable lubricity qualities result. Oxidation is performed in a non-catalytic vapor phase reactor at temperatures between 300-400°C. The product is characterized using various analyses including sulfuric acid solubility, density, gas chromatography, bomb calorimetry, and lubricity. Optimum blend ratios of the oxidized fuels in a low sulfur diesel fuel to obtain maximum lubricity are determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE
Volume38
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
EventProceedings of the 2002 Spring Technical Conference of the ASME Internal Combustion Engine Division - Rockford, IL, United States
Duration: Apr 14 2002Apr 17 2002

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Oxidation
Particulate emissions
Oxygen
Vegetable oils
Calorimetry
Diesel fuels
Sulfuric acid
Gas chromatography
Diesel engines
Sulfur
Solubility
Vapors
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Diesel engine emissions are a source of environmental concern. The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. This study aims to further increase the oxygen content of biodiesel by oxidizing the fuel, analyzing the resulting product, and determining if favorable lubricity qualities result. Oxidation is performed in a non-catalytic vapor phase reactor at temperatures between 300-400°C. The product is characterized using various analyses including sulfuric acid solubility, density, gas chromatography, bomb calorimetry, and lubricity. Optimum blend ratios of the oxidized fuels in a low sulfur diesel fuel to obtain maximum lubricity are determined.",
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Oxidation of biodiesel fuels for improved lubricity. / Wain, Kimberly S.; Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr.

In: American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Internal Combustion Engine Division (Publication) ICE, Vol. 38, 01.12.2002, p. 27-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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AU - Perez, Joseph Manuel Sr

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AB - Diesel engine emissions are a source of environmental concern. The use of vegetable oil based fuels, called biodiesels, lowers particulate emissions due to the increased oxygen content of the fuel. This study aims to further increase the oxygen content of biodiesel by oxidizing the fuel, analyzing the resulting product, and determining if favorable lubricity qualities result. Oxidation is performed in a non-catalytic vapor phase reactor at temperatures between 300-400°C. The product is characterized using various analyses including sulfuric acid solubility, density, gas chromatography, bomb calorimetry, and lubricity. Optimum blend ratios of the oxidized fuels in a low sulfur diesel fuel to obtain maximum lubricity are determined.

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