The oxidative dehydrogenation of butane to butadiene and butene was studied using a conventional fixed-bed reactor (FBR), inert membrane reactor (IMR) and mixed inert membrane reactor (MIMR). When IMR and MIMR were employed, a ceramic membrane modified by partially coating with glaze was used to distribute oxygen to a fixed-bed of 24-V-Mg-O catalyst. The oxygen partial pressure in the catalyst bed could be decreased. The effect of feeding modes and operation conditions were investigated. The selectivity of C4 dehydrogenation products (butene and butadiene) was found to be higher in IMR than in FBR. The feeding mode with 20% of air mixing with butane in MIMR was found to be more efficient than the feeding mode with all air permeating through ceramic membrane. The MIMR gave the most smooth temperature profile along the bed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering|
|State||Published - Nov 1 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Chemical Engineering(all)