Oxidative steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over Nano-CeO2 supported Ni-Rh bimetallic catalyst

Junichiro Kugai, Subramani Velu, Chunshan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The influential factors affecting the catalytic performance of nano-sized CeO2 supported Ni-Rh bimetallic catalysts in the oxidative steam reforming (OSR) of ethanol were studied for hydrogen production and fuel cell applications. The effect of Ni and Rh loadings on the ethanol conversion and product selectivity in the oxidative steam reforming of ethanol was investigated at 300°C. Under the conditions used, the catalysts containing Rh alone exhibited 80-92% ethanol conversion while the catalyst containing Ni without Rh showed only about 40 %. Rh was more effective in reforming of ethanol compared to Ni. The addition of about 5 wt % of Ni in the Rh/CeO2 catalyst reduced the CO selectivity with consequent increase in the selectivity of H2 and CO2 indicating that the added Ni favors water-gas shift reaction. However, a Ni content of more than 5 wt % caused an increase in CH4 selectivity, probably due to the hydrogenation of CO/CO2 to CH4. The effect of reaction conditions, i.e., temperature, H2O/ethanol (EtOH) ratio, O2/EtOH ratio, were also studied over Ni(5)Rh(1)/CeO2 catalyst. From this work, a new Ni-Rh bimetallic catalyst supported on high-surface-area CeO2 was developed for the oxidative steam reforming of ethanol at relatively low temperature, around 450°C to produce H2 with very low CO in the outlet. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 231st ACS National Meeting (Atlanta, GA 3/26-30/2006).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts
Volume231
StatePublished - 2006

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Steam reforming
Hydrogen production
Ethanol
Catalysts
Carbon Monoxide
Hydrogen fuels
Water gas shift
Catalyst selectivity
Reforming reactions
Catalyst supports
Hydrogenation
Fuel cells
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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title = "Oxidative steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over Nano-CeO2 supported Ni-Rh bimetallic catalyst",
abstract = "The influential factors affecting the catalytic performance of nano-sized CeO2 supported Ni-Rh bimetallic catalysts in the oxidative steam reforming (OSR) of ethanol were studied for hydrogen production and fuel cell applications. The effect of Ni and Rh loadings on the ethanol conversion and product selectivity in the oxidative steam reforming of ethanol was investigated at 300°C. Under the conditions used, the catalysts containing Rh alone exhibited 80-92{\%} ethanol conversion while the catalyst containing Ni without Rh showed only about 40 {\%}. Rh was more effective in reforming of ethanol compared to Ni. The addition of about 5 wt {\%} of Ni in the Rh/CeO2 catalyst reduced the CO selectivity with consequent increase in the selectivity of H2 and CO2 indicating that the added Ni favors water-gas shift reaction. However, a Ni content of more than 5 wt {\%} caused an increase in CH4 selectivity, probably due to the hydrogenation of CO/CO2 to CH4. The effect of reaction conditions, i.e., temperature, H2O/ethanol (EtOH) ratio, O2/EtOH ratio, were also studied over Ni(5)Rh(1)/CeO2 catalyst. From this work, a new Ni-Rh bimetallic catalyst supported on high-surface-area CeO2 was developed for the oxidative steam reforming of ethanol at relatively low temperature, around 450°C to produce H2 with very low CO in the outlet. This is an abstract of a paper presented at the 231st ACS National Meeting (Atlanta, GA 3/26-30/2006).",
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Oxidative steam reforming of ethanol for hydrogen production over Nano-CeO2 supported Ni-Rh bimetallic catalyst. / Kugai, Junichiro; Velu, Subramani; Song, Chunshan.

In: ACS National Meeting Book of Abstracts, Vol. 231, 2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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