Oxygen barrier, free volume, and blending properties of polyamide 12/poly (vinyl alcohol) blends

Ya Qiong Huang, Jia Wei Wu, Gang Li, Hong Bo Li, Da Wei Wang, James Runt, Jen Taut Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oxygen permeation rates, average volumes of free-volume-cavities (Vf), and fractional free volumes (Fv) of polyamide 12 (PA12)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) (ie, PA12xPVA05 y, PA12xPVA08 y, and PA12xPVA14 y) blend films with varying PVA degrees of polymerization reduced to a minimum value when their PVA contents reached a corresponding optimal value, respectively. The minimum oxygen permeation rates, Vf, and Fv values obtained for the optimal PA12xPVAz y blown films were reduced considerably with decreasing PVA degrees of polymerization. Experimental findings from dynamic mechanical analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, wide angle X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy of the PA12xPVAz y blend series suggest that PA12 and PVA in PA12xPVAz y are miscible to some extent at the molecular level when their PVA contents are near and less than the corresponding critical values. The considerably enhanced oxygen barrier properties of the PA12xPVAz y blend films with optimized compositions are attributed to the significantly reduced local free volume characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1660
Number of pages12
JournalPolymers for Advanced Technologies
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Polymers and Plastics

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