P- and S-Wave Velocities of Exhumed Metasediments From the Alaskan Subduction Zone: Implications for the In Situ Conditions Along the Megathrust

Peter K. Miller, Demian M. Saffer, Geoffrey A. Abers, Donna J. Shillington, Anne Bécel, Jiyao Li, Charlotte Bate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The in situ state and properties of sediments entrained along subduction megathrusts exert key controls on their mechanics and slip behavior. Low seismic velocity and high Vp/Vs are hypothesized to indicate highly elevated fluid pressure, and are invoked as conditions in the source areas of slow earthquakes and tremor. We report on Vp and Vs measurements for exhumed metasediments from Kodiak Island, AK, representative of materials along the modern megathrust. Our data reveal anisotropy of ∼8–28% in Vp and ∼6.5–8% in Vs at effective stresses ranging from ∼1 to 90 MPa, with lower wavespeeds perpendicular to the dominant fabric. The fabric-normal velocities are sufficiently low to explain observations from regional geophysical surveys and are consistent with rock physics-based models that incorporate small (<1%) crack porosity. We suggest that low velocity at ∼8–20 km depth along megathrusts may arise simply from the presence of foliated metasediments, without requiring near-lithostatic fluid pressure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere2021GL094511
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume48
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 28 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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