The chemical bonding and electronic properties of wet, chemically treated p-GaN surfaces were studied using synchrotron radiation photoemission spectroscopy. Chlorine-based chemical bonding was identified on the conventional HCl-treated p-GaN surface, which is associated with a shift of the surface Fermi level toward the conduction band edge by ∼0.9 eV with respect to the thermally cleaned surface. Compared to the HCl-treated surface, the surface Fermi level on the KOH-treated surface lies about ∼1.0 eV closer to the valence band edge, resulting in a much smaller surface barrier height to p-type materials than the HCl-treated surface. The smaller surface barrier height to p-GaN after KOH treatment can lead to a lower contact resistivity and can play an important role in lowering the metal contact resistivity to p-GaN.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)