P2 antagonist PPADS attenuates responses of thin fiber afferents to static contraction and tendon stretch

Angela E. Kindig, Shawn G. Hayes, Ramy L. Hanna, Marc Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Injection into the arterial supply of skeletal muscle of pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS), a P2 receptor antagonist, has been shown previously to attenuate the reflex pressor responses to both static contraction and to tendon stretch. In decerebrated cats, we tested the hypothesis that PPADS attenuated the responses of groups III and IV muscle afferents to static contraction as well as to tendon stretch. We found that injection of PPADS (10 mg/kg) into the popliteal artery attenuated the responses of both group III (n = 16 cats) and group IV afferents (n = 14 cats) to static contraction. Specifically, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group III afferents from 0.1 ± 0.05 to 1.6 ± 0.5 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group III afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 1.0 ± 0.5 impulses/s (P < 0.05). Likewise, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group IV afferents from 0.3 ± 0.1 to 1.0 ± 0.3 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group IV afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 0.3 ± 0.1 impulses/s (P < 0.05). In addition, PPADS significantly attenuated the responses of group III afferents to tendon stretch but had no effect on the responses of group IV afferents. Our findings suggest that both groups III and IV afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the exercise pressor reflex, whereas only group III afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the muscle mechanoreflex that is evoked by tendon stretch.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume290
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2006

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Pyridoxal Phosphate
Tendons
Acids
Injections
Cats
Reflex
Popliteal Artery
Muscles
Skeletal Muscle

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "P2 antagonist PPADS attenuates responses of thin fiber afferents to static contraction and tendon stretch",
abstract = "Injection into the arterial supply of skeletal muscle of pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS), a P2 receptor antagonist, has been shown previously to attenuate the reflex pressor responses to both static contraction and to tendon stretch. In decerebrated cats, we tested the hypothesis that PPADS attenuated the responses of groups III and IV muscle afferents to static contraction as well as to tendon stretch. We found that injection of PPADS (10 mg/kg) into the popliteal artery attenuated the responses of both group III (n = 16 cats) and group IV afferents (n = 14 cats) to static contraction. Specifically, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group III afferents from 0.1 ± 0.05 to 1.6 ± 0.5 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group III afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 1.0 ± 0.5 impulses/s (P < 0.05). Likewise, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group IV afferents from 0.3 ± 0.1 to 1.0 ± 0.3 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group IV afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 0.3 ± 0.1 impulses/s (P < 0.05). In addition, PPADS significantly attenuated the responses of group III afferents to tendon stretch but had no effect on the responses of group IV afferents. Our findings suggest that both groups III and IV afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the exercise pressor reflex, whereas only group III afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the muscle mechanoreflex that is evoked by tendon stretch.",
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P2 antagonist PPADS attenuates responses of thin fiber afferents to static contraction and tendon stretch. / Kindig, Angela E.; Hayes, Shawn G.; Hanna, Ramy L.; Kaufman, Marc.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, Vol. 290, No. 3, 01.03.2006.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - P2 antagonist PPADS attenuates responses of thin fiber afferents to static contraction and tendon stretch

AU - Kindig, Angela E.

AU - Hayes, Shawn G.

AU - Hanna, Ramy L.

AU - Kaufman, Marc

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N2 - Injection into the arterial supply of skeletal muscle of pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS), a P2 receptor antagonist, has been shown previously to attenuate the reflex pressor responses to both static contraction and to tendon stretch. In decerebrated cats, we tested the hypothesis that PPADS attenuated the responses of groups III and IV muscle afferents to static contraction as well as to tendon stretch. We found that injection of PPADS (10 mg/kg) into the popliteal artery attenuated the responses of both group III (n = 16 cats) and group IV afferents (n = 14 cats) to static contraction. Specifically, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group III afferents from 0.1 ± 0.05 to 1.6 ± 0.5 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group III afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 1.0 ± 0.5 impulses/s (P < 0.05). Likewise, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group IV afferents from 0.3 ± 0.1 to 1.0 ± 0.3 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group IV afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 0.3 ± 0.1 impulses/s (P < 0.05). In addition, PPADS significantly attenuated the responses of group III afferents to tendon stretch but had no effect on the responses of group IV afferents. Our findings suggest that both groups III and IV afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the exercise pressor reflex, whereas only group III afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the muscle mechanoreflex that is evoked by tendon stretch.

AB - Injection into the arterial supply of skeletal muscle of pyridoxal phosphate-6-azophenyl-2′,4′-disulfonic acid (PPADS), a P2 receptor antagonist, has been shown previously to attenuate the reflex pressor responses to both static contraction and to tendon stretch. In decerebrated cats, we tested the hypothesis that PPADS attenuated the responses of groups III and IV muscle afferents to static contraction as well as to tendon stretch. We found that injection of PPADS (10 mg/kg) into the popliteal artery attenuated the responses of both group III (n = 16 cats) and group IV afferents (n = 14 cats) to static contraction. Specifically, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group III afferents from 0.1 ± 0.05 to 1.6 ± 0.5 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group III afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 1.0 ± 0.5 impulses/s (P < 0.05). Likewise, static contraction before PPADS injection increased the discharge rate of the group IV afferents from 0.3 ± 0.1 to 1.0 ± 0.3 impulses/s, whereas contraction after PPADS injection increased the discharge of the group IV afferents from 0.2 ± 0.1 to only 0.3 ± 0.1 impulses/s (P < 0.05). In addition, PPADS significantly attenuated the responses of group III afferents to tendon stretch but had no effect on the responses of group IV afferents. Our findings suggest that both groups III and IV afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the exercise pressor reflex, whereas only group III afferents are responsible for evoking the purinergic component of the muscle mechanoreflex that is evoked by tendon stretch.

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