A sequence of genetic events characterized by deletion and expression of several oncogenes may lead progressively to tumorgenesis. The expression of certain oncogenes is believed to be related with thyroid carcinogenesis and tumor progression. We investigated immunohistochemically p53 tumor suppressor gene and c-fos oncogene expression in forty patients with thyroid cancer. Thyroid biopsies from twenty patients with benign thyroid diseases were also examined. The forty patients with thyroid cancer varied histologically; 24 with papillary carcinoma (60%), 12 with follicular carcinoma (30%), 3 with anaplastic carcinoma (7.5%) and one with medullary carcinoma (2.5%). The patients with benign thyroid diseases consisted of 10 with adenomatous goiter (50%), 7 with goiter (35%) and three with Hashimoto thyroiditis (15%). Individual p53 and c-fos expression was more prevalent in thyroid carcinomas compared to benign tumors (p=0.001 and p=0.04, respectively). A marked increase of p53 and c-fos coexpression was found (p=0.02) in patients with thyroid cancer and metastasis to the regional lymph nodes. Furthermore c-fos was overexpressed in only female thyroid cancer patients. In conclusion, p53 and c-fos are significantly overexpressed in thyroid cancer patients, indicating their role in the genetic mechanisms leading to thyroid tumorigenesis. This hypothesis is further supported by the observation that p53/c-fos coexpression was related with more advanced disease status.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - Apr 30 2003|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research