Paleoaltimetry: A Review of thermodynamic methods

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This review presents the use of conserved thermodynamic variables to estimate paleoaltitudes. The method based on conservation of moist static energy (the combined internal, latent heat, and gravitational potential energy of moist air) is discussed. This method exploits the physical relation between of the wind fields and the spatial and vertical distributions of both temperature and humidity. Given the climatological distributions of these three atmospheric fields, the method identifies moist enthalpy (the combined internal and latent heat energies of air) as a thermodynamic variable that varies with height in the atmosphere in a predictable fashion. To use this method, the major requirements are: (1) a priori knowledge of the spatial distribution of moist static energy for the paleoclimate and (2) the ability to estimate moistenthalpy in the paleo-environment for two isochronous locations: one at sea level, the other at some unknown elevation. As presented here, the method incorporates basic physical principles of atmospheric science and inferences of paleoclimates from plant leaf physiognomy. Assuming that expected errors estimated from present-day relationships between physiognomy and enthalpy apply to ancient climates and fossil leaves, an uncertainty estimate of ± 910 m in the paleoaltitude difference between two isochronous fossil assemblage locations can be assessed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPaleoaltimetry
Subtitle of host publicationGeochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches
EditorsMatthew Kohn
Pages173-193
Number of pages21
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Publication series

NameReviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry
Volume66
ISSN (Print)1529-6466

Fingerprint

Latent heat
Enthalpy
thermodynamics
Thermodynamics
Sea level
Air
Potential energy
Spatial distribution
Conservation
Atmospheric humidity
enthalpy
paleoclimate
spatial distribution
energy
fossil assemblage
air
potential energy
wind field
vertical distribution
humidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

Cite this

Forest, C. E. (2007). Paleoaltimetry: A Review of thermodynamic methods. In M. Kohn (Ed.), Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches (pp. 173-193). (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry; Vol. 66). https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7
Forest, Chris E. / Paleoaltimetry : A Review of thermodynamic methods. Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches. editor / Matthew Kohn. 2007. pp. 173-193 (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry).
@inbook{f3f75ce6c263475cb863e2b47558d88f,
title = "Paleoaltimetry: A Review of thermodynamic methods",
abstract = "This review presents the use of conserved thermodynamic variables to estimate paleoaltitudes. The method based on conservation of moist static energy (the combined internal, latent heat, and gravitational potential energy of moist air) is discussed. This method exploits the physical relation between of the wind fields and the spatial and vertical distributions of both temperature and humidity. Given the climatological distributions of these three atmospheric fields, the method identifies moist enthalpy (the combined internal and latent heat energies of air) as a thermodynamic variable that varies with height in the atmosphere in a predictable fashion. To use this method, the major requirements are: (1) a priori knowledge of the spatial distribution of moist static energy for the paleoclimate and (2) the ability to estimate moistenthalpy in the paleo-environment for two isochronous locations: one at sea level, the other at some unknown elevation. As presented here, the method incorporates basic physical principles of atmospheric science and inferences of paleoclimates from plant leaf physiognomy. Assuming that expected errors estimated from present-day relationships between physiognomy and enthalpy apply to ancient climates and fossil leaves, an uncertainty estimate of ± 910 m in the paleoaltitude difference between two isochronous fossil assemblage locations can be assessed.",
author = "Forest, {Chris E.}",
year = "2007",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "0939950782",
series = "Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry",
pages = "173--193",
editor = "Matthew Kohn",
booktitle = "Paleoaltimetry",

}

Forest, CE 2007, Paleoaltimetry: A Review of thermodynamic methods. in M Kohn (ed.), Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, vol. 66, pp. 173-193. https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7

Paleoaltimetry : A Review of thermodynamic methods. / Forest, Chris E.

Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches. ed. / Matthew Kohn. 2007. p. 173-193 (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry; Vol. 66).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Paleoaltimetry

T2 - A Review of thermodynamic methods

AU - Forest, Chris E.

PY - 2007/12/1

Y1 - 2007/12/1

N2 - This review presents the use of conserved thermodynamic variables to estimate paleoaltitudes. The method based on conservation of moist static energy (the combined internal, latent heat, and gravitational potential energy of moist air) is discussed. This method exploits the physical relation between of the wind fields and the spatial and vertical distributions of both temperature and humidity. Given the climatological distributions of these three atmospheric fields, the method identifies moist enthalpy (the combined internal and latent heat energies of air) as a thermodynamic variable that varies with height in the atmosphere in a predictable fashion. To use this method, the major requirements are: (1) a priori knowledge of the spatial distribution of moist static energy for the paleoclimate and (2) the ability to estimate moistenthalpy in the paleo-environment for two isochronous locations: one at sea level, the other at some unknown elevation. As presented here, the method incorporates basic physical principles of atmospheric science and inferences of paleoclimates from plant leaf physiognomy. Assuming that expected errors estimated from present-day relationships between physiognomy and enthalpy apply to ancient climates and fossil leaves, an uncertainty estimate of ± 910 m in the paleoaltitude difference between two isochronous fossil assemblage locations can be assessed.

AB - This review presents the use of conserved thermodynamic variables to estimate paleoaltitudes. The method based on conservation of moist static energy (the combined internal, latent heat, and gravitational potential energy of moist air) is discussed. This method exploits the physical relation between of the wind fields and the spatial and vertical distributions of both temperature and humidity. Given the climatological distributions of these three atmospheric fields, the method identifies moist enthalpy (the combined internal and latent heat energies of air) as a thermodynamic variable that varies with height in the atmosphere in a predictable fashion. To use this method, the major requirements are: (1) a priori knowledge of the spatial distribution of moist static energy for the paleoclimate and (2) the ability to estimate moistenthalpy in the paleo-environment for two isochronous locations: one at sea level, the other at some unknown elevation. As presented here, the method incorporates basic physical principles of atmospheric science and inferences of paleoclimates from plant leaf physiognomy. Assuming that expected errors estimated from present-day relationships between physiognomy and enthalpy apply to ancient climates and fossil leaves, an uncertainty estimate of ± 910 m in the paleoaltitude difference between two isochronous fossil assemblage locations can be assessed.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35848966191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=35848966191&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7

DO - 10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7

M3 - Chapter

AN - SCOPUS:35848966191

SN - 0939950782

SN - 9780939950782

T3 - Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry

SP - 173

EP - 193

BT - Paleoaltimetry

A2 - Kohn, Matthew

ER -

Forest CE. Paleoaltimetry: A Review of thermodynamic methods. In Kohn M, editor, Paleoaltimetry: Geochemical and Thermodynamic Approaches. 2007. p. 173-193. (Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry). https://doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2007.66.7