Paleoindian seafaring, maritime technologies, and coastal foraging on California's channel islands

Jon M. Erlandson, Torben C. Rick, Todd J. Braje, Molly Casperson, Brendan James Culleton, Brian Fulfrost, Tracy Garcia, Daniel A. Guthrie, Nicholas Jew, Douglas James Kennett, Madonna L. Moss, Leslie Reeder, Craig Skinner, Jack Watts, Lauren Willis

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Abstract

Three archaeological sites on California's Channel Islands show that Paleoindians relied heavily on marine resources. The Paleocoastal sites, dated between ~12,200 and 11,200 years ago, contain numerous stemmed projectile points and crescents associated with a variety of marine and aquatic faunal remains. At site CA-SRI-512 on Santa Rosa Island, Paleocoastal peoples used such tools to capture geese, cormorants, and other birds, along with marine mammals and finfish. At Cardwell Bluffs on San Miguel Island, Paleocoastal peoples collected local chert cobbles, worked them into bifaces and projectile points, and discarded thousands of marine shells. With bifacial technologies similar to those seen in Western Pluvial Lakes Tradition assemblages of western North America, the sites provide evidence for seafaring and island colonization by Paleoindians with a diversified maritime economy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1181-1185
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume331
Issue number6021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2011

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Erlandson, J. M., Rick, T. C., Braje, T. J., Casperson, M., Culleton, B. J., Fulfrost, B., ... Willis, L. (2011). Paleoindian seafaring, maritime technologies, and coastal foraging on California's channel islands. Science, 331(6021), 1181-1185. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201477