The ability of lipoprotein lipase to move across the mammary epithelium by a paracellular route was investigated. Five goats were milked hourly to activate the paracellular pathway. Three goats responded to hourly milking with a fivefold increase in milk lipoprotein lipase activity as compared with nonresponding goats. Massage of the mammary gland was necessary in the two nonresponding goats too cause increased lipoprotein lipase activity in milk. Oxytocin treatment during hourly milking also increased enzyme activity in milk from a nonresponding goat. Activation of the paracellular pathway by hourly milking increased milk sodium and protein and decreased potassium and lactose concentrations. After a 12-h milking interval, lipoprotein lipase activity was distributed primarily in the serum (48%) and cream (40%) fractions and, to a lesser extent, in the casein (12%) fraction. Hourly milking increased enzyme activity distributed in the serum fraction (62%), whereas enzyme activity associated with the cream (32%) and casein (6%) fractions decreased. Possible mechanisms for the origin of lipoprotein lipase in milk are discussed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Animal Science and Zoology